Pre - Colonial Terminolgies for Gold & Barter Rings Used for Trade



barter ring108. (24 K Gold Hammered Bracelet dug in Butuan, Mindanao in 1970 weighs 4 grams), 109. (24 K Gold Hammered Bracelet dug in Butuan, Mindanao in 1970 weighs 6.2 grams), 110. (24 K Gold Barter Ring dug in Butuan, Mindanao in 1970 weighs 4.9 grams, 111. (24 K Gold Barter Ring dug in Butuan, Mindanao in 1970 weighs 3.9 grams), 112. (24 K Gold Hammered Barter Rings dug in Butuan, Mindanao in 1970 weighs 0.6 grams), 113. (24 K Gold Finger Rings dug in Butuan, Mindanao in 1970 weighs 5.1 grams) ---(Images Courtesy of Bayanihan Collectors Club)

ginugilan 22 carat gold
hilapo 20 carat gold
palambo -do-
wasay -do-
urimbuo 18 carat gold
panika 16 carat gold
panikang bata 14 carat gold
lingginging 12 carat gold
lingginging bata 10 carat gold
bislig 8 carat gold


wagas - fine gold with brilliant luster; also gold dust
dalisay -fine gold slightly inferior to wagas
uliran -gold used as sample
balitok - natural or unalloyed gold
batbat or lantay - beaten gold
binatak -stretched gold
alim - gold blackened by heating
ilik - grains of cast gold
labulan - gold filings
sauyin - tarnished gold inferior to bislig
hutok - gold mixed with silver and copper
sumbat - gold mixed with silver
tumbaga - gold mixed with copper
halyanas - gold used for plating silver and other metals
kukong-uwak - gold of the lowest quality
maralag - -do-
malubay - -do-
huling ginto - -do-
imbabaw - false gold
balat - -do-
binalatan - -do-

sinantanan (chinanta) - 160 tahils
kati (cate, catty) - 16 tahils
suko - 8 tahils
banal - 5 tahils
paroni - 5/8 tahil
tinga - 1/2 tahil
tigambala - 3/8 tahil
sapaha - 1/4 tahil
amas - 1/16 tahil
sima - 1/28 tahil
balabato - 1/32 tahil
kunding - 1/160 tahil